Smoking does not just increase your risk of heart disease, cancer, and other diseases, but can also damage your eyes. Although some changes to your eyes, such as dry eye, can be reversed, others c ...View Article
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At Dr. Michelle Cooper, P.A., we strive to provide comprehensive, primary eye care for the whole family. Preventative and routine eye exams are important to maintaining good eye health. Often, eye and vision problems do not have obvious symptoms or signs, but are easily diagnosed by a licensed optometrist. By diagnosing eye and vision conditions early on, our optometrist is able provide treatment options and in many cases restore or prevent vision loss. The American Optometric Association recommends yearly or bi-yearly eye and vision exams, depending on whether you are at-risk or not.
Periodic eye and vision examinations are an important part of preventative health care. Many eye and vision problems have no obvious signs or symptoms. Also, other medical conditions such as diabetes and high blood pressure can be detected through an eye examination.
6 Months – First thorough eye examination. Even if no problems are apparent, Dr. Cooper can identify infants who have excessive or unequal amounts of nearsightedness, farsightedness, or astigmatism. She can also identify infants with poor eye movement ability or eye health problems. Although these problems are uncommon, if they are identified at a young age they can be much easier to treat and correct.
2-5 Years – According to the American Public Health Association, 10% of pre-schoolers have eye or vision problems however at this age they usually will not complain. It is also important to realize that a vision screening by a pediatrician or pre-school is not the same as a comprehensive eye examination. Passing a screening can give parents a false sense of security. Many wonder how we check a non-verbal patient, but with today’s equipment and tests, a child does not need to know the alphabet to have his or her eyes checked.
By age 3 your child should have a thorough examination. Unless Dr. Cooper advises otherwise, the next eye exam should be at age 5.
6-18 Years – Unfortunately, parents may assume that passing a school vision screening means no vision problem. Screenings, however, can miss up to 60% of eye and vision problems. Your child should receive an eye examination at least once every 2 years. Dr. Cooper may recommend more frequent visits if your child wears glasses, has other specific problems, or is at risk for developing problems.
19-40 Years – Dr. Cooper recommends adults have a complete eye examination at least every 2 years. If you wear glasses or contacts, she recommends yearly exams. If you have any medical history or risk of eye disease, diabetes, hypertension, or other problems she may recommend more frequent visits.
41+ Years – Dr. Cooper recommends annual eye examinations. It is a fact of life that vision changes as we get older. There is also an increase in the incidence of eye health problems in adults over age 40.
So, what does a comprehensive eye examination include? Dr. Cooper and her technicians will perform many tests including:
During an eye exam, Dr. Michelle Cooper will ask you questions about any symptoms or issues you are experiencing, medications you are currently taking, any blurry vision, your work environment, and your overall health. Family history and previous eye or vision conditions will also be discussed during this part of the examination. Dr. Cooper will consider this information when determining any treatments or recommendations.
Regular vision testing and evaluations ensure that you always have the clearest vision possible. Our Greenville optometrist provides regular vision acuity test as part of a comprehensive eye exam. Dr. Cooper will measure how each eye is seeing by using a wall eye chart and a reading eye chart. The results of these tests are portrayed as a fraction, with 20/20 being the standard for normal distance and reading vision. Depending on the results of your vision test, Dr. Cooper may prescribe corrective glasses, contacts, or eye exercises.
In addition to vision testing, an eye exam in our Greenville office includes testing eye functionality. Our optometrist performs several tests to evaluate depth perception, color vision, eye muscle capabilities, peripheral vision, and responsiveness to light. Several other simple tests are completed to determine whether the eyes are focusing, moving, and working together properly. The test results enable Dr. Cooper to diagnose any underlying conditions that may be impairing the eyes ability to focus or work together.
As part of a comprehensive eye exam, our Greenville optometrist examines the overall health of the eye through a visual examination and tonometry. Dr. Cooper evaluates eye health by visually inspecting the eye and eyelids using magnification and a bright light. To examine the internal structures of the eye, we may dilate the pupils. Increased eye pressure may be an indicator of glaucoma, so we utilize tonometry to measure eye pressure. After completing these short tests, Dr. Cooper reviews the results and discusses an treatments with you. Contact us at (864) 277-4420 today to schedule a comprehensive eye exam.